Madama Butterfly (Madame Butterfly) is an opera in 3 acts by Giacomo Puccini, with an Italian libretto by written by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. Puccini based his opera in part on the short story named "Madame Butterfly" in year 1898 by John Luther Long, which was dramatized by David Belasco.
Puccini also derived it on the novel ‘Madame Chrysanthme’ of year 1887 by Pierre Loti. According to a scholar, the opera was derived from events that actually happened in Nagasaki in the early 1890s. The original version of the opera, in 2 acts, had its first performance on Feb., 17th, the year 1904, at La Scala in Milan.
It was very badly received in spite of the presence of such famous singers as soprano Rosina Storchio, tenor Giovanni Zenatello and baritone Giuseppe De Luca in the lead roles. This was due in large part to the late completion and insufficient time for rehearsals. Puccini revised the opera, dividing the 2nd act into 2 acts and making other changes. On May 28th, the year 1904, this version was performed in Brescia and was a great success.
The opera is situated in the city of Nagasaki. The Japan's best-known opera singer Tamaki Miura won international popularity for her performances as Cio-Cio San; her statue, along with that of Puccini, can be found in Nagasaki's Glover Garden.